Diabetes usually occurs in the human body as a result of high blood sugar. This type of disease can render insulin ineffective and useless.
On an average healthy body, the hormone insulin drives sugar from your blood to your cell and it can be used for energy. When diabetes is present, your body cannot use the produced insulin effectively or make enough insulin.
When the high body sugar level caused by diabetes is left untreated, it can damage kidneys, nerves, eyes, and other body parts.
Just like most diseases, diabetes comes in different types. Diabetes types consist of the following;
Type 1 Diabetes: This type of diabetes is popularly known as an autoimmune disease. It uses the immune system to attack various cells contained in the pancreas. Insulin is produced at the cells of the pancreas where the attack takes place.
Medical experts are yet to discover why this attack occurs because its causes are unclear to them.
Among all the people living with diabetes, about 10 percent of the patients have type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes: This type of diabetes usually prevents the body from using the insulin produced to move blood sugar into your cells. Type 2 diabetes usually makes your body depend on alternative energy sources in your muscles, tissues, and other organs.
Since type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is resistant to insulin, glucose will likely be developed in your blood. People above 45 years are more likely to experience this type of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes that occurs in people. Since the insulin is not effective enough to move the glucose into your cell, too much sugar stays in your body, and a lesser quantity reaches your cells.
Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes can easily be prevented and stopped from developing into a serious issue. People can now use various means to delay the development of type 2 diabetes.
In every 1 in10 people living in America are experiencing the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes: Prediabetes usually occurs when your blood sugar is slightly above average. However, it may not be as high as type 20 diabetes.
In most cases of prediabetes, the high blood sugar is usually not high enough for your doctor to call it type 2 diabetes. In fact, before you begin to experience type 2 diabetes, your body system must pass through the prediabetes stage first.
When prediabetes occurs in your body, it may not produce any symptoms. However, if you are careful enough, you should notice some changes in your body, such as tiredness, dehydration, blurry vision, and urinating frequently.
About 84 million people at the age of 20 and above living in America are suffering from prediabetes. However, 90 percent of these people did not know that they have it until it turns into type 2 diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes: Gestational Diabetes usually occurs during the first pregnancy. Just like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes focuses on causing high blood sugar during pregnancy.
It also decides how your cells use sugar. If care is not taken, gestational diabetes can lead to high blood sugar levels, affecting your baby's health and body system.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Diabetes symptoms may differ in men and women. You can also discover a lot of differences in the symptoms of each type of diabetes.
The symptoms of diabetes in man may consist of poor muscle strength, a decrease in sex drive, and erectile dysfunction. While symptoms of diabetes in women include dry itchy skin, yeast infection, and urinary tract infection.
The general symptoms of diabetes consist of the following
- Blurry vision
- Sore that takes time to heal
- Unhealthy weight loss
- Increased hunger
- Frequent urination
- Extreme fatigue
Causes of Diabetes
The causes of diabetes highly depend on the type of diabetes that occurs in your body.
Causes of type 1 diabetes
Doctors and other medical experts are yet to discover the actual cause of type 1 diabetes. But some scientists think that genes may contribute to this type of diabetes.
A virus that exists in the immune system can establish the attack as well.
Causes of type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is caused by obesity, lifting extra weight, and a combination of lifestyle and genetic factors. Sometimes, the type of diabetes also runs in the family gene.
Causes of Gestational Diabetes
Women suffering from obesity and excess weight gain can likely experience this type of diabetes.
Treatment of Diabetes
There are various treatments for diabetes, and these treatments depend on the type of diabetic symptoms you are experiencing in your body.
Type 1 diabetes
Generally, insulin serves as the primary treatment for this type of diabetes. It tends to replace the hormones that your body system is unable to produce.
Most doctors will prefer to use these types of insulin to treat the type of diabetes, rapid-acting insulin, short-acting insulin, intermediate-acting insulin, and long-acting insulin. However, you need to consult a doctor for proper assistance.
Type 2 diabetes
People suffering from type 2 diabetes can improve their condition through exercise and the type of food they consume. When the situation continues afterward, it is advisable to seek a doctor's attention for proper treatment.
As a pregnant woman, you need to monitor your blood sugar level almost every day. Once you can regulate factors that cause overweight, you can easily overcome this type of diabetes.
Mayo Clinic suggests that pregnant women can also lower their blood sugar levels with insulin. You should do whatever it takes to ensure safe delivery.
Whenever you begin to experience the symptoms of any type of diabetes, make an effort to consult your doctor for proper treatment.
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